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Filed under: prairie musings, Presbyterian Manor — Peg Britton @ 1:14 pm


Cousins Heeran and Mack Maier and Tyler Britton had a short, chance encounter this morning at the Palace.  Heeran and Mack were on their way to Denver from various points in Korea, India, Japan, Thailand, (and other moutain climbing destinations) where they have spent the past 4 or 5 years.  Tyler was returning to Cincinnati where he teaches at the University of Cincinnati Trauma Hospital.  They all spent a little time visiting with my 104 year old friend, Doris Wyatt. Mack is my sister’s grandson; Tyler is my grandson.

This is this is what Mack does to have fun…as does his wife.  Great photo of Mack, but it gives me the willies just thinking where I’d find my next foothold.  I’ll swear he’s wearing flipflops… :)

Tune in for more exciting family adventures…


Filed under: prairie musings, Women's Rights — Peg Britton @ 12:44 pm

In the 1970s, Irish women could not own their own home or even go to a pub. They could not sit on a jury or refuse to have sex with their husbands. We learned all this in Irish Central’s charming post, “How things have changed – ten things that Irish women could not do in 1970s.” And that made us wonder, what were things like for women in America before the ’70s?

So while we still have a long way to go to secure total equality for women, let’s take a moment to celebrate how far we’ve come. Before the 1970s, an American woman could not:

1. Keep her job if she was pregnant.

Until the Pregnancy Discrimination Act in 1978, women could be fired from their workplace for being pregnant.

2. Report cases of sexual harassment in the workplace.

The first time that a court recognized sexual harassment in the workplace was in 1977 and it wasn’t until 1980 that sexual harassment was officially defined by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

3. Be acknowledged in the Boston Marathon.

Women could not don their running shoes until 1972!

4. Get a credit card.

Until the Equal Credit Opportunity Act in 1974, women were not able to apply for credit. In 1975, the first women’s bank was opened.

5. Refuse to have sex with her husband.

The mid 70s saw most states recognize marital rape and in 1993 it became criminalized in all 50 states. Nevertheless, marital rape is still often treated differently to other forms of rape in some states even today.

6. Compete as a boxer in the Olympics.

It wasn’t until the 2012 London Olympics that women could compete in boxing in the Olympics. This was marked with the amazing victory by Britain’s Nicola Adams.

7. Get a divorce with some degree of ease.

Before the No Fault Divorce law in 1969, spouses had to show the faults of the other party, such as adultery, and could easily be overturned by recrimination.

8. Celebrate International Women’s Day.

In 1980 President Carter declared one week in March to be National Women’s History Week, including International Women’s Day on March 8th.

9. Have a legal abortion in most states.

The Roe v. Wade case in 1973 protected a woman’s right to abortion until viability.

10. Read Ms. Magazine!



Filed under: prairie musings — Peg Britton @ 5:37 pm



Filed under: prairie musings, Tyler Britton USAF, Drew Britton, Mackenzie, Presbyterian Manor — Peg Britton @ 2:05 pm


My computer bit the dust last Wednesday and left me fearful it was something really serious that would take ages to repair.   I called the Geeks who came Thursday to retrieve it.  They took it to their geek workshop, called Dell and had a new motherboard installed on Friday.  They were unable to deliver it Friday so I suffered the usual withdrawals over the weekend.  To distract myself, I read Dan Brown’s new book that was lingering on my end table demanding attention.  I absorbed enough Masonic symbology to last a lifetime.  I think that includes Dan Brown unless he finds another subject matter to offer readers.  So, I’m back in the real world again, one that no one else in this complex understands or enjoys.  I’m surrounded by loveable luddites.

Grandson Tyler has been in and out to visit.  Wednesday night the family went to the Swedish Crown in Lindsborg for dinner and I can report from all fronts that the food was excellent and the dirty martinis and lingonberry margaritas  were top rung.  I think the five of us tried everything on the menu and were very happy with all of it.  Todd ordered the chicken breast, Ally and Karen had shrimp linguini, Tyler opted for a steak and I had Swedish Pancakes.  We sampled all the appetizers and desserts.  It was a very pleasant evening overall and I highly recommend their food.  The only thing about Kansas restaurants is that you better go early on as they seem to descend into oblivion in short order.  It was wonderful to enjoy a rare evening with everyone although we missed Drew, Mackenzie and Ty.  It’s not easy to get all their feet under the same table at the same time.

Friday, my two “third cousins” from Lawrence wheeled to the Palace, gathered me up and off we went to Orozco’s in Kanopolis to meet Ally for lunch.  That was a special treat.  We always enjoy visiting with Boonie and John as they are sharp, funny and very smart.  We giggle all the time we are together and that’s a good thing.  Collectively we had very funny relatives.

Following a plate of very good Mexican food, I went to stay with Ally and visit Ringo until it was time to join friends for dinner.  Ringo is a case.  He’s leaner and looks very healthy.  He’s better off at the farm with Ally and her three dogs, and you can tell how much he loves being there.  Last night Ally said her dogs were in bed with her during the storm, but Ringo opted for the dark closet.  Ally had to remove all her shoes from the closet to make room for Ringo.  He’s a closet dog during storms.  That was the only place in my house to offer shelter from lightning flashing through all those windows.  I wonder if August also sleeps in the closet some nights.  It’s pretty comfy for a little guy.

Friday night my friend Lynn from here called to see if Ally and I would like to join her, her mom and Jane for dinner at Pretty Boy Floyd’s.  I’ve shied away from there since my surgery as I have been almost as certain as one can be that I couldn’t get back up the stairs on my own…and I was right.  Greg joined us for dinner and provided a strong arm for me to hang on to mount the stairs.  It was a challenge, but it all turned out well.  The food was excellent as always, and the company was delightful. If you haven’t yet eaten there, you are in for a real treat when you do.  I talked with Karen Larsen, the activities director here, and she said she’s offering a trip for Palace residents to Pretty Boy’s on June 23rd.  That will be a good excuse for me to go, too.

They are working on the concrete apron around the entrance of the Palace.  While my friends who live on the “west side” (where I’m going to be living eventually) weren’t at all aware of jack hammers at work this morning, I was in the shower, with all my windows shut and the ACs on  and I heard the first crack of concrete.  I even felt the reverberations from it.  My hearing is pretty darn good and that is a rarity in this place.  I do need to move to the quiet side of the beyond.

My niece’s son and wife may pop in during the night and crash on my floor.  I hope so.  He’s experiencing car trouble right now and is running late.  He and Heeran have been in India to study yoga and mountain climbing from the masters.  They are very experienced at both.  Maybe they’ll talk in their sleep so I won’t miss anything.  There is also a chance they might be back in July.

Tomorrow we are having Dillon’s fried chicken for lunch.  I guess it’s sort of a big deal.  I’d rather they’d pick almost anything other than chicken to bring in from the outside as the cooks here do a pretty darn good job on frying chicken.  The kind they “sauce” up is so tough sometimes you can hardly eat it, but they can…and have …turned out some very good fried chicken.  I don’t know.  Maybe the cook left who prepared the fried chicken.

I wrote a blog the day my computer crashed on the crisis situation here (not really!) when you have 100 old people on Lasix (C12H11ClN2O5S, used as a diuretic) and they shut the water off.  I had an appointment with Linda Lawrence that day so my eyes saved the day.  Others still have homes here which they visited.  They are still working on water issues, which is a good thing, and most of us know to store water in the refrig until service is restored.  Maybe when they fix everything, they will start working on my apartment …218.  They will renovate it from wall to wall…new shower, new carpeting and flooring, new closet doors and trim, new carpeting, paint…the works.  I guess they know I’m staying until the bitter end.

Andy from maintenance  just wandered through to see if my living room heat pump was leaking.  Nope.  Seems water is coming from someplace and dripping down on the floor below me.

Tyler should be through here tomorrow on his way back to Cincinnati.  Back to work, and back to Afghanistan. He’s been in Boulder where he and Drew ran the Boulder Boulder 10K yesterday.  I heard that Drew finished in an hour and seven minutes, which was his first attempt at 10K,  and Tyler finished just a few minutes later. Tyler had an altitude adjustment to make. Even in my best days, I could not have done that.

It’s so good to have my computer back.

Thanks for tuning in…



Filed under: prairie musings — Peg Britton @ 7:37 pm


Todd, Tyler, Karen and Drew Britton…at the Culinary Institue in KC



Filed under: prairie musings, Presbyterian Manor — Peg Britton @ 3:21 pm




Filed under: political musings, print news — Peg Britton @ 7:16 am

Overwhelming’ consensus for manmade warming: review

Wednesday, May 15, 2013 11:23 PM GMT

A review of thousands of studies published over 21 years found “overwhelming” and growing consensus among scientists that humans are mostly to blame for global warming, its authors said Thursday.

This contradicts a widely held view that scientists are deeply divided on the topic — a misconception that complicates efforts to win public backing for climate policy, the authors wrote in the journal Environmental Research Letters.

“An accurate perception of the degree of scientific consensus is an essential element to public support for climate policy,” they wrote.

“Communicating the scientific consensus also increases people’s acceptance that climate change is happening.”

Researchers from the United States, Australia and Canada reviewed more than 4,000 scientific papers that expressed a position on whether humans were mostly to blame for recent global warming.

The papers, published between 1991 and 2011, were written by more than 10,000 scientists.

Just over 97 percent agreed that manmade warming was a reality.

“Our analysis indicates that the number of papers rejecting the consensus… is a vanishingly small proportion of the published research,” the team wrote.

In stark contrast, opinion polls conducted in the United States from 1997 to 2007 found that about 60 percent of Americans believed there to be significant disagreement among scientists.

“Scientists overwhelmingly agree that the Earth is warming due to human activity,” said the authors, who claim that their work is the most comprehensive review of its kind ever undertaken.

“There is a significant gap between public perception and reality.”

The United Nations is targeting a maximum temperature rise of two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) on pre-industrial levels, for what scientists believe would be manageable climate change.

To this end, countries are negotiating curbs to emissions of Earth-warming greenhouse gases released by fossil fuel burning.

Last week, the level of carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere breached a threshold of 400 parts per million — a level never experienced by humans and considered the absolute maximum for the two-degree target to remain within reach.



Filed under: prairie musings, LGBT — Peg Britton @ 3:36 pm

With deafening cheers and overwhelming emotion, the Minnesota Senate voted 37-30 to legalize same-sex marriage.

“Today, love wins,” said Sen. Tony Lourey, DFL-Kerrick.

The vote, on the heels of a vote last week in the House, brings to a close a decade of debate over marriage that has echoed through the Capitol, bringing thousands of friends and foes of gay marriage to its marbled dome to express their deeply held feelings.

The measure next moves to Gov. Mark Dayton, who will welcome it with his signature in a celebratory ceremony likely on Tuesday.

Once it is signed, Minnesota will become the twelfth state to legalize same sex-marriage.
“It’s historic and I can never be so proud of this body and of Minnesotans,” said Sen. Jeff Hayden, DFL-Minneapolis. On the Senate floor, Hayden said that his wife is white and noted that just 50 years ago, his loving relationship would have been barred.




Filed under: political musings — Peg Britton @ 7:18 pm

Study: Bush, aides made 935 false statements in run-up to war

WASHINGTON (CNN) — President Bush and his top aides publicly made 935 false statements about the security risk posed by Iraq in the two years following September 11, 2001, according to a study released Tuesday by two nonprofit journalism groups.

President Bush addresses the nation as the Iraq war begins in March 2003.

“In short, the Bush administration led the nation to war on the basis of erroneous information that it methodically propagated and that culminated in military action against Iraq on March 19, 2003,” reads an overview of the examination, conducted by the Center for Public Integrity and its affiliated group, the Fund for Independence in Journalism.

According to the study, Bush and seven top officials — including Vice President Dick Cheney, former Secretary of State Colin Powell and then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice — made 935 false statements about Iraq during those two years.

The study was based on a searchable database compiled of primary sources, such as official government transcripts and speeches, and secondary sources — mainly quotes from major media organizations. Video See CNN viewers’ reactions to the study »

The study says Bush made 232 false statements about Iraq and former leader Saddam Hussein’s possessing weapons of mass destruction, and 28 false statements about Iraq’s links to al Qaeda.

Bush has consistently asserted that at the time he and other officials made the statements, the intelligence community of the U.S. and several other nations, including Britain, believed Hussein had weapons of mass destruction.
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Responding to the study Wednesday, White House spokesman Scott Stanzel did not speak directly to the “false claims” characterization.

But he said the United States was part of a broad coalition of nations that took part in the Iraq invasion and that the invasion was based on intelligence from multiple countries.

He called Hussein a threat to international security and a sponsor of terrorism, and said the world is better off without him. White House press secretary Dana Perino called the study “flawed.”

“They only looked at members of the administration, rather than looking at members of Congress or people around the world,” she said. “Because as you’ll remember, we were part of a broad coalition of countries that deposed a dictator based on a collective understanding of the intelligence.”

“And the other thing that that study fails to do is to say that after realizing that there was no WMD, as we thought as a collective body that there was, that this White House, the President set about to make reforms in the intelligence community to make sure that it doesn’t happen again.”

Bush has repeatedly said that despite the intelligence flaws, removing Hussein from power was the right thing to do.

The study, released Tuesday, says Powell had the second-highest number of false statements, with 244 about weapons and 10 about Iraq and al Qaeda.

Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Press Secretary Ari Fleischer each made 109 false statements, it says. Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz made 85, Rice made 56, Cheney made 48 and Scott McLellan, also a press secretary, made 14, the study says.

“It is now beyond dispute that Iraq did not possess any weapons of mass destruction or have meaningful ties to al Qaeda,” the report reads, citing multiple government reports, including those by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, the 9/11 Commission and the multinational Iraq Survey Group, which reported that Hussein had suspended Iraq’s nuclear program in 1991 and made little effort to revive it.

The overview of the study also calls the media to task, saying most media outlets didn’t do enough to investigate the claims.

“Some journalists — indeed, even some entire news organizations — have since acknowledged that their coverage during those prewar months was far too deferential and uncritical,” the report reads. “These mea culpas notwithstanding, much of the wall-to-wall media coverage provided additional, ‘independent’ validation of the Bush administration’s false statements about Iraq.”

The quotes in the study include an August 26, 2002, statement by Cheney to the national convention of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.

“Simply stated, there is no doubt that Saddam Hussein now has weapons of mass destruction,” Cheney said. “There is no doubt he is amassing them to use against our friends, against our allies, and against us.” E-mail to a friend E-mail to a friend


Filed under: prairie musings, Presbyterian Manor — Peg Britton @ 12:51 pm

My tablemates today were Doris, Ivy, and Joy.  Our conversations are usually pretty lively.  Doris taught school for many years and apparently remembers every student she ever had.  Pete Peterson came by our table on his way out and asked her to name all the “Zimmerman” kids, which she did without hesitation.   Pete was missing one in his line up and he wasn’t about to let it go until he found out.  Doris named them all in order of age and then told about the instruments they played, and how their mother taught them all to appreciate music.  Doris is  full of wonderful storiesa and she had collected a considerable number of them over the past 104 years.  Then her conversation segued off to other school issues which got my attention.

I’ve mentioned before how people confiscate food from their noon meal and take it back to their apartments to eat later.    I seem to be the only one who reverses that process and takes food to the dining room.  Today the menu is one of the worst they serve, in my opinion, and included chili dogs, turkey pot pie, something resembling tater tots only triangular shaped and harder than rocks and deep fat fried, and breaded vegetables.  It’s not that I don’t like turkey pot pie, we as I generally like it, when made properly.  If someone made it with real turkey the way  it should be made, it would be good.  This is far from edible so  I had breakfast again, which is good…bacon, eggs and toast.  I took my own huckleberry jam and whole orange to go along with it.  I always have a tall glass of V-8 for lunch so it rounded out to be very good. I hope I never tire of bacon and eggs.

I am amused at the number of containers some diners bring with them and fill to take back to their apartments.  They even share them with others.   I’m happy with cold cereal and fruit later on in the day, but that may change as the days lengthen and I’m more active.  I’m sure I’ll start to do more cooking when I’m more able to get around.  Working around a walker is very inconvenient.  And in my new place, I’ll have more room to navigate.

Which brings me to the topic of moving.  I’ve loved the apartment I’m in, particularly for the view which is important to me.  But, the downside of it is the noise from snow removal equipment, mowers,  and traffic.  Since I’m a light sleeper, it is disruptive to be awakened and not able to fall back asleep.  So, I’m moving to the other side of the complex  where I eliminate those issues and  have  a larger apartment…the kind I wanted in the first place.  The one-bedroom deluxe apartments are few in number and rarely turn over so I thought I better get one while I can. I’ll lose my second bedroom that I’ve used for an office, but will have a huge bedroom and living room that will more than hold all my present “stuff”.  I’m going to be short of furniture, but I can fill in someway.  I’ll borrow back some of my art work and that will take care of that

They are putting in new carpet, painting, replacing doors and woodwork in my new apartment and making other upgrades.  It won’t be ready until the end of the month…or early next month.  That’s okay as I’ve not much on my calendar.

I sat outside this morning for an hour.  It is a gorgeous day and besides enjoying the wonderful weather it gives me a chance to chat with visitors to the Palace. The delivery people from the floral shops and Dillons paraded by with beautiful flowers that I also got to enjoy.   Everyone is gearing up for Mother’s Day tomorrow.  They are having some kind of strawberry festival on Monday honoring mothers in the Ivory Keys Cafe.  I hope they have fresh strawberries rather than the limp frozen kind.

Now I think I’ll take my Rollator and see if I can make it to the pond and visit the geese.

Thanks for tuning in….



Filed under: prairie musings, Ellsworth, Pretty Boy Floyd's — Peg Britton @ 10:52 am

Salina Paranormal Investigative Research Team
Saturday via mobile
Good evening Stalkers…..We are almost done setting up equipment at Pretty Boy Floyd’s Restaurant in Ellsworth Kansas. This is located in one of the historic underground districts in downtown . We are honored and excited about the opportunity to investigate here.

Salina Paranormal Investigative Research Team
SaturdayHello Stalkers…….We are within a few hours of the exciting investigation for tonight. The SPIRiT Team will be traveling to Ellsworth Kansas (One of the oldest cow towns in Kansas) and investigating one of the lost treasures of the city. Our entire team, including all of our newest members, will be making this trip. We can’t wait to see how the “Newbies” handle the excitement. We have been told of Full Body apparitions of a Woman in White and the sounds of times past. Poltergeist activities abound!! Who knows….maybe we will be the first Paranormal Team to document a full body cow apparition????

Stay tuned tonight via facebook…..We will be posting live updates of how the night goes. Any pictures and audio that we can clip and clean up we will do our best to share with you. Happy Hauntings to all!!
So…what were the results?

Now we can go have an excellent dinner and maybe glimpse an apparition…you think?  I can guarantee the food will be excellent….after than, no guarantees.
Thanks for tuning in…



Filed under: prairie musings, Presbyterian Manor — Peg Britton @ 4:55 pm

When I’m out of milk here, I’m just out of milk unless I buckle and go buy it from the supply in the Palace kitchen.  I can devise no substitutes with the limited resources found in my pantry.  Since I planned to have a bowl of cold of cereal for dinner, it meant I’d have to improvise if I didn’t go forage for milk.  Braum’s … my destination.  It’s a stone’s throw down the hill from the Palace and very convenient.

It was a fortuitous adventure for two reasons:

The first good thing that happened was that I ran into my good friend Mary Andersen and had a quick visit.  That was especially nice.  Her husband, Jay, and I grew up as neighbors on Highland.

The second… in order to get the exit door at Braum’s to work, I determined,  you need to first eat a single dip rocky road ice cream cone in a waffle cone.  I hadn’t had rocky road ice cream in years, and now I remember what I’d been missing.

The first was true.  The second….well, I just made that up.

Ally got tickets for us to hear Joan Baez at the Stiefel.  I was a huge fan of hers years ago so I’m sure I’ll enjoy her concert  next month. She’s 72 and hasn’t lost her I hear.

I’m still going to sittercise exercises every morning and yoga two days a week in the afternoon.  This is my 4th week of regular attendance.  I’m hoping for a gold star.

It hardly seems possible, but it will soon be six months that I have lived here. It was a good decision to move…I still love living here and wouldn’t go back to living alone.  I’ve made some good friends, renewed other friendships and am happy as a clam.  It’s an interesting place to be, and I’m surrounded by interesting, active people. Life here  is just a lot easier for me and for my family members who are so willing to help me.

Thanks for tuning in…



Filed under: prairie musings, Kansas — Peg Britton @ 10:17 am

Red-state radicalism hastens rural decline

Hays Daily News

Republican radicalism thrives here in Kansas, the reddest of red states, and within our state, in the reddest counties, and our brand of red-state radicalism does not bode especially well for the future of rural Kansas.

The antics of Kansas Congressman Tim Huelskamp, who represents many of the state’s rural residents, threaten the federal spending on which these Kansans heavily rely. And Gov. Sam Brownback’s perilous experiment in eliminating the state income tax has placed state services in jeopardy and eventually will push more school funding onto property taxes, driving the high property tax burdens of rural residents even higher. Curiously, voters in the reddest counties of Kansas cheer the loudest for both Huelskamp and Brownback.

Recent news stories in the Kansas City Star and the Boston Globe highlight the hypocrisy of red-state radicalism. The Star found the fiercest critics of federal spending also were big-time “takers” of federal spending. The Star focused on Sumner County, part of the Wichita metropolitan area, and reported in 2010 “the U.S. government spent roughly $189 million in Sumner County, almost $7,900 for every man, woman and child who lives here. That’s an estimated 40 (percent) to 50 percent more, on average, than each county resident paid in federal taxes.”

The Globe reporter traveled to Hodgeman County in rural southwest Kansas and interviewed residents attending a public forum for Huelskamp and later at a downtown coffee klatch in the county seat of Jetmore. Those interviewed applauded their congressman for saying “no” to federal spending and refusing to compromise on spending even with leaders of his own party. His obstinance got him booted from the House Agriculture Committee last year, leaving Kansas without a representative on the committee for the first time in memory.

Hodgeman County might provide a useful prism for viewing federal spending in rural Kansas, as more than half of the state’s 105 counties have fewer than 7,000 residents.

In 2010, for example, more than $21 million flowed from the U.S. treasury into Hodgeman County, providing on average $11,000 for each of the 1,916 county residents. Social Security and Medicare benefits represented more than half of the total; Medicaid alone another million. Direct payments for various agricultural subsidies totaled $2.5 million, not counting $3.1 million in payments through federally subsidized crop insurance and $765,000 in federal farm loans.

What exactly these residents paid in federal taxes is not readily available, but based on the findings of Sumner County, they likely paid roughly $2 in taxes for every $3 in benefits.

Hodgeman County residents pay an even smaller share of the sales and income taxes that provide for school funding, health care and transportation, among other state services. For example, Kansas taxpayers underwrote 80 percent of the $2.8 million general fund budget of the county school district in 2011-12, matched federal Medicaid funding in the county to the tune of more than $800,000 in 2010, and funded road projects in the county averaging $1.5 million annually during recent years. Most rural Kansans also have benefited from the long-term shift of state finance away from reliance on property taxes, but Hodgeman County residents still pay property taxes that average two and one-half times that of all Kansans, compared to 16 percent less in income taxes.

Brownback’s radical plan to eliminate state income taxes is undoing state finance, and its effect eventually will reach the doorsteps of rural Kansans. In January, for example, when a state court ordered lawmakers to meet their constitutional obligation in funding education, Brownback responded that increased school funding would necessarily fall back on property taxpayers. That action would force the high property tax burden of most rural residents, such as those in Hodgeman County, ever higher.

In sum, the monies flowing through state and national treasuries into rural Kansas counties comprise roughly one-third of their local economies and sustain their communities. The “small government” radicalism of Huelskamp and Brownback and their allies will diminish the economic fortunes and quality of life of all Kansans, but its effect on rural Kansans will be the most severe.

H. Edward Flentje is a professor
at Wichita State University.


Filed under: prairie musings — Peg Britton @ 8:01 am




Filed under: prairie musings, Sam Brownback, Kansas — Peg Britton @ 4:56 pm

“In purporting to override federal law and to criminalize the official acts of federal officers, (the law) directly conflicts with federal law and is therefore unconstitutional,” Holder wrote to Gov. Sam Brownback in a letter dated April 26.

The law (Senate Bill 102) was passed overwhelmingly by both chambers of the Legislature and signed last month by Brownback. The U.S. Attorney’s Office in Wichita on Thursday released a copy of Holder’s letter.

“Federal officers who are responsible for enforcing federal laws and regulations in order to maintain public safety cannot be forced to choose between the risk of criminal prosecution by a state and the continued performance of their federal duties,” Holder wrote.

Holder cited the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution in saying Kansas may not prevent federal employees and officials from carrying out their responsibilities.

In his letter, he also wrote that federal agencies “will continue to execute their duties to enforce all federal firearms laws and regulations.”

“Moreover, the United States will take all appropriate action, including litigation,” he wrote, “to prevent the State of Kansas from interfering with the activities of federal officials enforcing federal law.”

House lawmakers approved the Second Amendment Protection Act (SB 102) in a 96-24 vote, declaring Kansas-made guns immune from federal regulations inside the state. The Senate approved it 35-4.

Read more here.


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